Now and then, you may need to cite a patent in your academic writing (e.g. if you are discussing a subject related to engineering). But how does this work? In this post, we explain how to cite a patent using Vancouver style referencing.\nHow to Cite a Patent in Vancouver Referencing\nVancouver referencing is another name for number\u2013endnote referencing. This means you cite sources with a number in the text, which points to an endnote in the reference list. Readers can then check the reference list for source details.\n\nTypically, sources are numbered in the order you cite them in the document. The first source you cite, then, will be cited with a \u20181\u2019 in the text, which will in turn point to the first entry in the reference list at the end of your document. For example:\nWe can see this component labelled in the patent (1).\nYou would then need to provide full source information in the accompanying reference list entry. And to cite the source again later in the same document, you would simply use the same number as on the first citation.\nPatents in a Vancouver Reference List\nIn a Vancouver reference list, the basic format for a patent is:\n(Citation Number) Author Surname(s) and Initial(s). Patent name or description. Patent number (Patent) Year of Issue.\nIn practice, for example, the reference for a patent might look like this:\n(1) Smith J, Ronaldo P, Ferry B. Plug-in \u2018cite-o-matic\u2019 citation and reference generation device for students. US6324558B1 (Patent) 2010.\nThe key is providing enough detail to make sure your reader can find the patent. In this respect, it is very important to include the patent number if possible.\nExpert Vancouver Proofreading\nIn the above, we have set out a simple way of citing a patent using Vancouver style referencing. However, Vancouver style can vary depending on the version you use.\n\nThis makes it important to check your style guide if you have one. If you are a student, this should be available with your course materials or online.\n\nAnd to be sure your referencing is clear and consistent, you can ask our expert academic proofreaders. Sign up for our free trial service today to find out more.